Vaikuntha was the celestial abode of Vishnu. Vaikuntha literally means the “place of no hindrance.” In the Puranas, it was located variously—in heaven (svarga), north of the heavenly mountains (Himalaya), even on Mount Meru (Mahameru), the axis of the earth. Most commonly Vaikuntha was located on the southern slopes of Mahameru. It had streets of gold, buildings of jewels, and was graced by the celestial Ganga. For some sources it was identical with Goloka, the heaven of Krishna.