History of the Tirumala Tirupati Region

TIRU MALA and Tirupati are places well known all over India. Si venkatesvara, presiding deity of Tirumala or Vengadam, is revered by lakhs of people all over the country who visit His famous temple throughtout the year, travelling long distances. The chief centres of pilgrimage in this region are Sri…

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history of the tirumala- tirupati region – Location

The Eastern Ghats run close to the coast up to the river Krishna ai id then take an inward bend. They then break off into three ranges, one running along the coast up to Ponneri, another running into the Kumool and Anantapur districts and the third or central range starting…

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history of the tirumala- tirupati region – The Pandyan interlude

The power of the Cholas declined about the middle of the thirteenth century and the Pandyas, under Maravarman Sundara I, became aggressive. This king invaded Tondamandalam, subjugated all the Chola subordinates in this region and reached as far north as Nellore and performed Virabhiseka there. There are several records of…

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history of the tirumala- tirupati region – Tuluva Dynasty

The temple of Sri Venkatesvara reached the acme of its glory in the region of the illustrious emperor, Krishnadevaraya of the Tuluva of third dynasty of Vijayanagara (1509-1529). Sri Venkatesvara was the patron deity of this monarch. On every important occasion the Raya visited Tirumala and obtained the blessings of…

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history of the tirumala- tirupati region – Aruvidu dynasty

Aliya Ramaraya, who usurped the throne of Vijayanagara i r.img Sadasiva into prison, played high politics with the contemporary Sultans of the Deccan and exasperated them with his .a lop.nnce and illtreatment. The Sultans combined their armies and m\ adcd the Vijayanagara empire. Ramaraya opposed them between two villages, named…

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history of the tirumala- tirupati region – Nawabs of Carnatic

This change of control created great confusion in eastern Carnatic. Many people fled to the English settlement for safety. The Subedars of the Deccan exercised power over this region. Several Mughal and Maratha armies ravaged this area. The Mughal emperor, Shah Alam I, constituted the Carnatic into a separate Nawabi…

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Histoy of The Temples of Tirumala – The Pandyas

There are some records in the Tirumala temple which belong to the reign of Sundara Pandya (1-44 to 56). They do not contain any interesting information. Some of the local chieftains of this region who were subjugated by him, like the Telugu Pallavas, Telugu Cholas and Yadavarayas also figure in…

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Histoy of The Temples of Tirumala – The Yadavarayas

The Chieftains of this family, who governed part of Tondamandalam first as Chola subordinates, then as Pandya    feudatories and subsequently as independent rulers, were ardent i li vt dees and patrons of Sri Venkatesvara. Vira Narasingadeva is  the earliest member ofthis family to be connected with the temple of Tirumala. This…

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Histoy of The Temples of Tirumala – The Vijayanagara period

The establishment of the Vijayanagara empire in 1336 A. D. w. is a I uming point in the religious and cultural history of south India. I In- temples and gods of this region passed through critical days during  the first three decades of the fourteenth century on account  of frequent Muslim invasions….

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Histoy of The Temples of Tirumala – Sangama dynasty

Bukka I is the first ruler of this dynasty that figures in the inscriptions from Tirumala. He gifted two villages for two offerings to be made to the god. (I-178) Mahamandalesvara Mangideva, a prominent feudatory, set up a golden kalasa on the sikhara of the vimana of the temple in…

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Histoy of The Temples of Tirumala – Tuluva dynasty

The temple o f Tirumala received liberal patronage during the  |ni ii id of the rule o f this dynasty. Two famous rulers o f this family. Krishnadevaraya and his brother, Achyutadevaraya, were ardent devotees o f Sri Venkatesvara and gave him many valuable presents. Krishnaraya visited the temple on 10th ebraury, 1513…

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Legenda about Tirumala and its God

There are numerous collections o f legends and stories about Tirumala and its god, Sri Venkatesvara or Srinivas. These are to be found  in many o f the Puranas. A ll these have been collected and edited  in a book, entitled the Venkatachalamahatmyam. Aninscription  from Tirumala mentions aenkatachalamahatmyam read in the  temple before the…

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Legenda about Tirumala and its God – Story of Rangadasa

This story is found in the Brahmanda-purana and runs ;is follows:- Once there was a Vaikhanasa brahman, named Gopinatha, in the Chola country. He was a great devotee of Krishna. He requested the Lord to grant him salvation. Krishna asked him to go to Seshadri and worship Srinivasa there and…

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Legenda about Tirumala and its God – Ranga mantapa

In the south-east comer of the courtyard is a big mantapa, popularly known as the Ranga-mantapa. There is small portico before it. This portico contains two rows of four pillars each. The outer pillars have three pillaret projecting and the inner ones have the animal bracket. The mantapa proper contains…

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Legenda about Tirumala and its God – Unjal mantapa

To the west of the Ranga-mantapa is another mantapa known as the Anna-unjal-mantapa and Tirumalarayamantapa. This is in two parts, the front part being at a lower level and the back part The following is a brief description of the important temples and shrines situated on the Tirumala hill.

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Discription of the temples of Tirumala – Main shrine

 The main shrine which contains the image of Sri Venkateswara is a complex of structures. It starts with the Garbhagriha at the western  end and ends with the Tirumamani- mantapa at the eastern  end. Part of this area, ending with the northern and southern wings  of the Mukkoti-pradakshinam inside, is enclosed by a…

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Discription of the temples of Tirumala -Varaha shrine

The Vamanapurana mentions a story according to which Brahma set up an image of this god on the bank of the Svamipushkarini. In course of time the temple was destroyed. Subsequently, a Nishada started cultivating the syamalca crop in the neighbourhood. He used to give part of it to a…

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IMAGES IN THE TIRUMALA TEMPLE – The image of Sri Rama

An inscription states that this god is seated before Sri Venka- tesvara(T.T.305) and heis still there. He has no separate shrine or Mula-beram or stone image. The presence of this deity in this temple may be explained in the light of a Puranic story. It is stated that Sri Venkatesvara…

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IMAGES IN THE TIRUMALA TEMPLE -The image of Sri Krishna

alsIbis image is also found located before Sri Venkatesvara in his sanctum. The Puranas explain the presence of Krishna here. Sri Venkatesvara is regarded as an incarnation of Krishna. Ibis gOd is represented to have described himself to Padmavati, when the two met in a garden before their marriage, as…

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The Temples of Tirupati

The town of Tlrupad came into existence only about the middl of the twelfth century, with the foundation of the Govindarajasva temple. Before this time there was a small village, named Kottur, t_ the north-east of Kapilatirtham, situated about two miles to th north of the modem town. On the…

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The Temples of Tirupati – The Govindarajasvami Temple

This Temple is the main attraction for the pilgrims at Tirupati and the biggest temple in the town. Foundation of the shrine- None of the numerous inscriptions found in the temple mention the date of its construction or the name of its founder. The earliest of the records belongs to…

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