history of the tirumala- tirupati region – Nawabs of Carnatic

This change of control created great confusion in eastern Carnatic. Many people fled to the English settlement for safety. The
Subedars of the Deccan exercised power over this region. Several Mughal and Maratha armies ravaged this area. The Mughal emperor, Shah Alam I, constituted the Carnatic into a separate Nawabi and appointed Sadatulla Khan as its Nawab in 1710 A.D. This Nawab’s adviser, Todar Mai, visited Tirumala and set up there statues of In n i sell, his wife and his mother. Asaf Jha Nizam-ul-Mulk, the Mughal Subcdarofthe Deccan, began independent rule in 1724 A.D. and i I.iiined authority over the Nawabs of Carnatic. This was also the lime when the Peshwas became powerful in Maharashtra and the
Carnatic  soon came to be involved in the struggles between the Nizam and the Peshwa. Asaf Jha appointed Dost Ali as Nawab of
Carnatic  in 1733 A.D. A Maratha army invaded this region under I v agl i()j i, seven years later, killed the Nawab in a pitched battle fought at Damalacheruvu, near Tirumala, and looted the country alround.
the  mother and the wife ofBaji Rao, the Peshwa, visited Tirumala tin ml this time. SafdarAli now succeeded to the Nawabi. He paid fifty thousaand  rupees from the treasury of the Tirumala temple, which vs .is under his control and got rid of the Marathas. Anwaruddin in i .line (he Navab in 1744. Very soon, however, the Nizam of
Hyderabad and this Nawab of Carnatic died and their successors stalled a war of succession. This was also the time when, in .moi t lance with a war declared between their home countries, the
English and the French started fighting in India. Mahammad Ali, son
of  Anwaruddin, who was championed by the English for the Nawabi,  sent two lakhs of rupees from the treasury of the Tirumala temple to
the English Commander, Clive, who was besieged at Arcot. About 1750 A.D. he assigned the revenues of the Tirupati-Tirumala temples
to his allies and supporters, the English East India Company. The in v M wenty years witnessed terrible disorder and confusion in the I ii upati region. An adventurer, named Mahammad Kamal, ravaged tins area but was driven out by an army of the Company. The
costly jewels like tirwnudi, malas, udarabandham, tirumarai- pattikai, bahuvalayam, tiruchchandam, vadiyal. karai, pcukichaycilam andprabha. She also arranged for the daily offering of a plate of cooked rice and holy bath on the occasion of the two Ay ana-samkrantis and the two Vishusamkrantis. The celebration of the Purattasi festival for nine days, beginning with Ankurarpanam, on the day of the Chitra star, and another festival of two days duration before it, was also instituted. (1-8) Samavai also gifted land for the expenses of a festival to be conducted twice a day for seven days prior to Mukkoti-dvadasi for Manavalapperumal (1-9). The next record is dated in the 16th year of the Chola king, Rajaraja I. It mentions that Parantakadevi-amman, the queen of Parantaka II presented to Sri Venkatesvara, apattam weighing 52 kalanju of gold and set with six rubies, four diamonds and twenty-eight pearls (1-14). In the first year of the reign of Rajendra Chola, a local officer held an enquiry regarding the non­performance of the duty of lighting 24 oil lamps and one light of camphor by the Sabhaiyar of Tirumundiyam and set matters right (I-19). A queen of Kulottunga I made arrangements for the offering of milk and curds in the temple (1-27).

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