Markandeya says- ‘Now I am going to tell you about Rudrasarga. One of the eight sons of Brahma started wailing after being created from his (Brahma) body. Brahma asked him as to why he was crying. The crying child requested Brahma to give him a name. Brahma named him as Rudra since he was wailing at the time of his birth. But even after getting his name, the child’s wailing did not stop. He wailed for seven times and as a result seven more children were manifested from his cries. Brahma named these seven children as Bhava, Sharva, Ishan, Pashupati, Bheem, Ugra and Mahadeva. He also gave them abodes so that they could live. The following eight things respectively symbolize the forms of all these eight rudras- Sun, water, earth, fire, air, sky, Dikshit Brahmin and Soma. All these eight rudras were also given their respective wives who were Suvarchala, Uma, Vikeshi, Swadha, Swaha, Dik, Diksha and Rohini.’

‘The eight sons of all the eight rudras are Shanaishwar, Shukra, Lohitang, Manojav, Skand, Sarg, Santan and Buddh respectively.’

Rudra had accepted Sati as his wife. Sati gave up her life because her father Daksha had shown disrespect to her husband- Rudra. Sati took her second birth as Parvati, the daughter of Himavan. Mainak  was  her  brother.  Bhava  married  Parvati.  Khyati  was  Bhrigu’s  wife.  They had  two children- Dhata and Vidhata. Lakshmi was the consort of Narayana. Meru had two daughters- Ayati and Niyati. Both of them were married to Dhata and Vidhata respectively. Each one of them had two sons. Ayati had named her son as Pran while Niyati named her son as Mrikandu. The same Mrikandu is my (Markandeya) father. My mother’s name is Manaswini and my son’s name is Vedashira.’

‘Sambhuti- the wife of Marichi gave birth to Paurnmas. Smriti- the wife of Marichi gave birth to four daughters- Siniwali, Kuhu, Raka and Anumati.’ ‘Ansuya, the wife of sage Atri gave birth to three sons- Soma, Durvasa and Dattatreya. Dutt and Dambholi were born to Preeti, the wife of Pulastya. He became famous as Agastya during the time of Swayambhuva Manavantar.’

‘Three  sons-  Kardam,  Arvaveera  and  Sahishnu  were  born  to  Kshama,  the  wife  of  Pulaha. Sannati, the wife of Ritu gave birth to 60,000 Balkhilyaganas. Urja- the wife of Vashishta gave birth to seven sons- Raja, Gatra, Urdhwabahu, Sabal, Anagh, Sutapa and Shukra. These seven are famous as the Saptarishis.’

Agni was married to Swaha. Three sons were born to them- Pavak, Pavamana and Shuchi.’


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